The structure of water: hydrogen bonds

water ice Intermolecular hydrogen bonds in liquid water and in ice

Liquid water: molecule clustering through bond formation


Water Ice transition: simulation by molecular dynamics


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Version 3.1, August 2014
Versión en español Version française (Vincent Thizeau)

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Page design and implementation using Jmol or JSmol: Dr. Angel Herráez (University of Alcalá, Spain; ).

Simulation of the condensation of water molecules into a droplet — conceptual design, text, and molecular model: Prof. Eric Martz (University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA); original page using MDL Chime.

Water globule model: Dr. Michael F. Bruist (University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, USA); original page using MDL Chime.

Ice crystal model: Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group, Water Case Study (© by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA).

Simulation of water—ice transition: Dr. Luboš Vrbka (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Prague).

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